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작성자심마니 조회 1회 작성일 2021-05-15 09:56:32 댓글 0

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Asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP) conduit to securitize r

Notable features of the ABCP include: 1. Cash flow mismatch between receivables (without maturities, non interest bearing) and commercial paper (CP) notes issued to investors (floating-rate, with maturities) makes the credit and liquidity support critical. 2. It is a "continuous conveyance" vehicle: the conduit (special purpose entity) is purchasing receivables and issuing CP to investors on a rolling basis.

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What is ASSET-BACKED COMMERCIAL PAPER? What does ASSET-BACKED COMMERCIAL PAPER mean?

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What is ASSET-BACKED COMMERCIAL PAPER? What does ASSET-BACKED COMMERCIAL PAPER mean? ASSET-BACKED COMMERCIAL PAPER meaning - ASSET-BACKED COMMERCIAL PAPER definition - ASSET-BACKED COMMERCIAL PAPER explanation.

Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.

Asset-backed commercial paper (ABCP) is a form of commercial paper that is collateralized by other financial assets. Institutional investors usually purchase such instruments in order to diversify their assets and generate short-term gains.

ABCP is typically a short-term instrument that matures between 1 and 270 days (average of 30 days) from issuance and is issued by an Asset-backed commercial paper program or Conduit. A conduit is set up by a sponsoring financial institution. The sole purpose of a conduit is to purchase and hold financial assets from a variety of asset sellers. The conduit finances the assets by selling asset-backed commercial paper to outside investors such as money market funds or other “safe asset” investors like retirement funds. The conduit is referred to as a structured investment vehicle.

A structured investment vehicle (SIV) is a non-bank financial institution established to earn a credit spread between the longer-term assets held in its portfolio and the shorter-term liabilities it issues with significantly less leverage (10-15 times) than traditional banks (25-50 times). They are simple credit spread lenders, frequently "lending" by investing in securitisations but also by investing in corporate bonds and funding by issuing commercial paper and medium term notes, which were usually rated AAA until the onset of the financial crisis. They did not expose themselves to either interest rate or currency risk and typically held asset to maturity. SIV's differ from asset-backed securities and collateralized debt obligations in that they are permanently capitalized and have an active management team. They do not wind-down at the end of their financing term, but roll liabilities in the same way that traditional banks do.

They are generally established as offshore companies and so avoid paying tax and escape the regulation that banks and finance companies are normally subject to. In addition, until changes in regulations around 2008, they could often be kept off the balance-sheet of the banks that set them up, escaping even indirect restraints through regulation. Due to their structure, the assets and liabilities of the SIV was more transparent than traditional banks for investors. SIVs were given the label by Standard \u0026 Poors -- Moody's called them "Limited Purpose Investment Companies" or "LiPICs". They are considered to be part of the non-bank financial system, which has two parts, the shadow banking system comprising the "bank sponsored" SIVs (which operated in the shadows of the bank sponsors balance sheets) and the parallel banking system, made up from independent (i.e. non bank aligned) sponsors.

Invented by Citigroup in 1988, SIVs were large investors in securitisations. Some SIVs had significant concentrations in US subprime mortgages, while other SIV had no exposure to these products that are so linked to the financial crisis in 2008. After a slow start (there were only 7 SIVs before 2000) the SIV sector tripled in assets between 2004 and 2007 and at their peak just before the financial crisis in mid 2007, there were about 36 SIVs with assets under management in excess of $400 billion. By October 2008, no SIVs remained active.

The strategy of SIVs is the same as traditional credit spread banking. They raise capital and then lever that capital by issuing short-term securities, such as commercial paper and medium term notes and public bonds, at lower rates and then use that money to buy longer term securities at higher margins, earning the net credit spread for their investors. Long term assets could include, among other things, residential mortgage-backed security (RMBS), collateralized bond obligation, auto loans, student loans, credit cards securitizations, and bank and corporate bonds.

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